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A Positive Psychology Perspective on Quality of Life
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A Positive Psychology Perspective on Quality of Life
von: Anastasia Efklides, Despina Moraitou
Springer-Verlag, 2012
ISBN: 9789400749634
300 Seiten, Download: 2243 KB
Format:  PDF
geeignet für: Apple iPad, Android Tablet PC's Online-Lesen PC, MAC, Laptop

Typ: B (paralleler Zugriff)


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    1;A Positive Psychology Perspective on Qualityof Life;3 1.1;Contents;5 1.2;Contributors;7 1.3;Chapter 1: Introduction: Looking at Quality of Life and Well-Being from a Positive Psychology Perspective;9 1.3.1;1 Introduction;9 1.3.2;2 The Book;10;2.1 Organization of the Book;13 1.3.3;3 Part I. Subjective Well-Being, Quality of Life, and Positive Psychology;13 1.3.4;4 Part II. Positive Psychology and QoL;17 1.3.5;References;21 1.4;Part I: Quality of Life, Well-Being, and Positive Psychology;23 1.4.1;Chapter 2: Hierarchical Needs, Income Comparisons, and Happiness Levels;24;1 Introduction;24;2 Income and Happiness;25;3 Explanations of the Paradox;29;4 The Needs Hierarchy Approach;30;5 Income Comparisons;33;6 Concluding Comments;35;References;36 1.4.2;Chapter 3: Goals and Plans: Their Relationship to Well-Being;40;1 Introduction;40;2 Well-Being;41;2.1 Subjective Well-Being;42;3 Goals;42;4 Goals and Well-Being;44;4.1 Goal Progress;45;4.2 Goal Content;46;4.3 Goal Orientation: Approach Versus Avoidance Goals;48;4.4 Goal Organisation;49;4.5 Goal Excessiveness;50;5 Plans;50;5.1 What Are Plans?;50;5.2 Are Plans Linked to Well-Being?;51;5.3 How Are Plans Linked to Well-Being?;52;6 Conclusion;54;References;54 1.4.3;Chapter 4: Living in Accordance with One´s Implicit Motives: Cross-Cultural Evidence for Beneficial Effects of Motive-Goal Congruence and Motive Satisfaction;58;1 Introduction;58;2 Human Strivings and Well-Being;59;3 Types of Motivational Systems;60;4 Determinants of Motive Congruence;61;5 Consequences of Motive Congruence;62;6 Acknowledging Culture´s Impact on Behavior and Well-Being While Also Looking Beyond Culture;63;7 Cross-Cultural Findings on Beneficial Effects of Motive-Goal Congruence;65;8 Conclusion and Open Questions;69;References;71 1.4.4;Chapter 5: Positive Psychology and Subjective Well-Being Homeostasis: A Critical Examination of Congruence;74;1 Introduction;74;2 Definition;75;2.1 Positive Reviews of Positive Psychology;75;3 Subjective Well-Being Homeostasis;76;3.1 SWB Is Normally Stable and Positive;77;3.2 SWB Is Homeostatically Protected;77;3.3 Homeostasis Is Defending HP Mood;79;3.4 Normal Ranges;80;3.5 The Implications of Homeostasis for Positive Psychology;81;4 Evidence for the Claims of Positive Psychology;82;4.1 Meditation and Mindfulness;88;5 Other Critiques and Summary;89;References;90 1.4.5;Chapter 6: Life Satisfaction in Adults: The Effect of Religiosity, Worry, and Perceived Physical Health State;94;1 Introduction;94;2 Life Satisfaction and Other Components of Subjective Well-Being;95;3 Religiosity and Life Satisfaction;96;3.1 Religiosity in Greece;97;4 Aims and Hypotheses of the Study;98;5 Method;98;5.1 Participants;98;5.2 Instruments;99;6 Results;102;6.1 Individual Differences Effects;102;6.1.1 Life Satisfaction;102;6.1.2 Religiosity;102;6.1.3 Worry;102;6.1.4 Perceived Physical Health State;103;7 Relations Between Life Satisfaction, Religiosity, Worry, and Perceived Health State;103;7.1 Predictors of Life Satisfaction;104;8 Discussion;105;8.1 Life Satisfaction;105;8.2 Religiosity;106;8.3 Worry;106;8.4 Perceived Physical Health State;106;9 Predictors of Life Satisfaction;107;9.1 Life Satisfaction and Religiosity;107;9.2 Life Satisfaction in Relation to Worry and Perceived Health State;108;9.3 Religiosity and Worry;109;10 Limitations of the Study and Future Research;109;References;110 1.4.6;Chapter 7: Altruism and Health: Theoretical Perspectives;114;1 Introduction;114;2 A Serendipitous Beginning;115;3 Theoretical Model;116;4 Altruism and Health in Healthy Samples;118;4.1 Health Correlates in Healthy Adults;118;4.2 Health Correlates in Healthy Adolescents;119;5 Cause or Effect?;121;6 Salutogenic Evidence of Altruism in Patient Samples;122;7 Revisiting Theory;124;8 Implication for Social Networks and Community;126;9 Implication for Cognitive Reserve and Disability;127;10 Directions for the Future;128;11 Conclusion;129;References;129 1.4.7;Chapter 8: Marital Quality and Well-Being: The Role of Gender, Marital Duration, Social Support and Cultural Context;132;1 Introduction;132;2 Marital Quality and Well-Being;133;3 Marital Quality and Well-Being: The Role of Gender;135;4 Marital Quality and Well-Being: The Role of Age and Marital Duration;136;5 Marital Quality and Well-Being: The Role of Social Support and the Cultural Context;137;6 A Cross-Sectional Study with Greek Married Couples;139;7 Method;140;7.1 Participants;140;7.2 Instruments;140;8 Results;141;8.1 Preliminary Analyses;141;8.2 The Relationship Between Marital Quality, Social Support and Depressive Symptoms: Bivariate Analyses;141;8.3 The Relationship Between Marital Quality, Social Support and Depressive Symptoms: The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model;143;9 Discussion;145;References;148 1.5;Part II: Positive Psychology and Human Strengths;153 1.5.1;Chapter 9: The Role of Dispositional Optimism in Physical and Mental Well-Being;154;1 Introduction;154;2 Optimism;154;2.1 Development of Optimism;157;2.2 Temporal Stability of Optimism;158;2.3 Optimism as a Predictor of Health Outcomes;158;3 Physical Health;158;3.1 Physical Functioning and Perceived Health;158;3.2 Morbidity and Mortality;159;4 Mental Well-Being;163;5 Potential Mechanistic Correlates of Optimism;164;5.1 Coping Style;164;5.2 Social Integration;165;5.3 Health Behaviors;166;5.4 Systemic Stress, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammation;167;6 Interventions to Increase Optimism;168;7 Concluding Remarks and Recommendations;170;References;171 1.5.2;Chapter 10: The Relation of Optimism to Cardiac Patients´ Subjective Health Through Illness Representations: Does the Level of Optimism Matter?;179;1 Introduction;179;1.1 Optimism;179;1.2 Optimism and Illness Representations;180;2 Method;181;2.1 Participants and Procedure;181;2.2 Measures;182;2.3 Statistical Analysis;183;3 Results;183;4 Discussion;187;References;190 1.5.3;Chapter 11: Wise Thinking, Hopeful Thinking, and Positive Aging: Reciprocal Relations of Wisdom, Hope, Memory, and Affect in Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Adults;193;1 Wisdom, Hope, and Positive Aging;193;2 Psychological Theories of Wisdom;194;2.1 Wisdom as a Synthetic Skill: Wise Thinking as Integrated Dialectical Thinking and Awareness of Life Uncertainty;194;2.2 Wisdom as an Analytic Skill: Wise Thinking as Practical Wisdom;195;3 Wise Thinking, Age, and Demographic Characteristics;196;4 Wise Thinking, Memory, and State Affect;197;5 Wise Thinking and Hopeful Thinking;198;6 Hopeful Thinking, Age, and Demographic Characteristics;199;7 Hopeful Thinking, Memory, and State Affect;200;8 The Present Study;201;8.1 Hypotheses;201;8.2 Method;202;8.2.1 Participants and Procedure;202;8.2.2 Instruments;203;8.2.3 Statistical Analyses;205;8.3 Results;206;8.3.1 Reciprocal Effects Between Hope and Wisdom;206;8.3.2 Reciprocal Effects Between Wisdom and Memory;209;8.3.3 Reciprocal Effects Between Hope, Wisdom, and State Affect;210;8.3.4 The Integrated ``Picture´´ of the Relationships Among Hope, Wisdom, Memory, and State Affect: The All-Embracing Recursiv...;211;8.3.5 The Effects of Age, Education, and Gender on Hope, Wisdom, Memory, and Affect;213;8.4 Discussion;213;8.4.1 Reciprocal Effects Between Hopeful and Wise Thinking;213;8.4.2 Wisdom and Memory: Reciprocal Effects Between Wise Thinking and Memory Performance;216;8.4.3 Hope, Wisdom, and State Affect;216;8.4.4 The Integrated Model;217;8.4.5 The Effects of Age and Demographic Characteristics on Hopeful and Wise Thinking, State Affect, and Memory;218;8.4.6 Limitations of the Study;219;8.4.7 Conclusions: Implications of the Study;220;References;221 1.5.4;Chapter 12: Dispositional Hope and Action-State Orientation: Their Role in Self-Regulated Learning;223;1 Introduction;223;2 Hope;224;2.1 Hope Versus Other Positive Psychology Constructs;225;2.2 Hope, Learning Strategies, and Academic Achievement;226;3 Action Control;228;3.1 Action Control, Learning Strategies, and Performance;229;4 Aim: Hypotheses;230;5 Method;231;5.1 Participants;231;5.2 Instruments;231;5.3 Procedure;235;5.4 Statistical Analysis;235;6 Results;236;6.1 Path Analysis;236;7 Discussion;239;7.1 Effects of Hope on SRL Strategy Use and Course Attainment;239;7.2 Effects of Action Control on SRL Strategy Use and Course Attainment;240;7.3 Effects of SRL Strategy Use on Course Attainment;241;7.4 Relations Between Hope and Action Control;241;7.5 Limitations of the Study;242;References;242 1.5.5;Chapter 13: One Ingredient in the Mix: Interest and Psychological Well-Being;246;1 Introduction;246;2 The Ubiquity of Interest;248;2.1 Interest and Curiosity;248;2.2 Interest and Enjoyment;249;2.3 Interest and Self-regulation;249;2.4 Developed Interest Schemas;250;3 Interest Schemas and Psychological Well-Being;251;3.1 Interest and Curiosity as Character Strength;251;3.2 Interaction with Carers and Early Interest Schemas;253;3.3 Positive Youth Development;254;3.4 Well-Being, Positive Affect and Adult Life;256;3.5 Positive Affect and Life Satisfaction;257;4 Conclusion;259;References;259 1.5.6;Chapter 14: From Burnout to Engagement During Transition from School to Work;262;1 Introduction;262;2 Burnout and Engagement at School;262;3 Educational Track and School Burnout;264;3.1 Demands-Resources Model in the School Context;266;4 Transition From Upper-Secondary School to University;267;5 Transition to Tertiary Education and Gap Year;269;6 From University to Work;270;7 Discussion;272;References;274 1.5.7;Chapter 15: A Comparative Study of Resilience in Greece and Cyprus: The Effects of Negative Life Events, Self-Efficacy, and Social Support on Mental Health;276;1 Introduction;276;1.1 Criteria for the Identification of Resilience: Adversity and Adaptation;277;1.2 The Role of Resources in Resilience;278;1.3 A Cross-Cultural View of Resilience;279;1.4 The Scope of the Present Study;280;2 Method;281;2.1 Sample Characteristics;281;2.2 Measures;281;3 Results;283;3.1 Demographic Effects in the Total Sample;283;3.2 Demographic Effects Within Each Country;288;3.3 Cross-Country Comparisons;288;3.4 The Mediational Role of Self-Efficacy and Social Support;289;4 Discussion;290;4.1 The Influence of Demographic Factors on Resilience;292;4.2 The Role of Negative Life Events in the Process of Resilience;293;4.3 The Manifestation of Resilience;294;4.4 Limitations of the Study, Contribution and Directions for the Future;295;References;295 1.6;Index;298

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